What is Drip Irrigation?
Drip irrigation is systems that meet the water needs of plants directly by dripping into the soil. Thanks to this system, the efficiency of water and fertilizer is increased. Water saving is also ensured as the plants are given as much water as they need. While controlling the humidity of the soils of agricultural products, it prevents the soil from accumulating or remaining dry due to excess water.
What are Drip Irrigation Materials?
The materials of the drip irrigation system basically consist of pumps, filters, valves, drip hoses and heads. The water coming from the water source will be directed to the water line with the help of the pump and the water will reach the plants thanks to the nozzles. There are hoses and valves that adjust the water pressure and allow it to reach the plants in the form of drops. Additional connection means are used to reach the water to more distant areas.
What are the Usage Areas of Drip Irrigation Systems?
Drip irrigation is generally used in open areas such as gardens, fields and greenhouses, which are far from settlements or where there is water shortage. Specially designed drip irrigation systems are used for agricultural products that need to be grown indoors.
Drip irrigation is a suitable irrigation system for plants with slow growth and sensitive structure. However, drip irrigation systems can be used while growing fruit, vegetables, flowers, ornamental and garden plants. Irrigation of the water needs of areas such as agricultural fields, golf courses, sports fields and parks with different designs with drip irrigation methods ensures long-lasting healthy growth of plants and prevents water waste.
Importance of Hoses Used in Drip Irrigation Systems
Drip irrigation systems are an extremely efficient and economical method to meet the water needs of plants. By conserving water, these systems allow plants to use less water and at the same time allow plants to grow better. However, it is very important to use the right materials for the drip irrigation system. Therefore, drip irrigation hoses are one of the most important components of these systems.
Drip irrigation hoses are a pipe made of plastic or polyethylene material that supplies water at low pressure. The water in the hose trickles down to the plants. Thus, it is ensured that the water is directed towards the plant roots, efficient use of water and water loss are prevented. Drip irrigation hoses are a frequently used method in the agricultural sector. It is also widely used in garden irrigation systems.
In the selection of drip irrigation hoses, it is important to use quality materials and to perform regular maintenance of the hoses. Using poor quality materials or lack of regular maintenance can cause clogged or damaged hoses, which can reduce the effectiveness of the irrigation system.
The importance of drip irrigation hoses in drip irrigation system is as follows;
- Drip irrigation hoses prevent water loss. In traditional irrigation methods, water is usually diffused into plant leaves and soil. This causes some of the water to evaporate and can therefore lead to the plants not getting enough water. However, thanks to the drip irrigation hoses, the water is directed directly to the plant roots, which prevents water loss and enables the plants to use less water.
- Drip irrigation hoses help plants grow better. Water is very important for plant growth and thanks to drip irrigation hoses, the amount of water needed by plants is regularly provided. This leads to healthier and stronger growth of plants.
- Drip irrigation hoses help plants take up nutrients such as fertilizers and pesticides more efficiently. Directing these materials directly to the plant roots helps plants absorb these substances better, which leads to better growth of plants.